To begin with, externalists about justification would point to the fact that animals and small children have knowledge and thus have justified beliefs.
Evidentialists would appeal to cases in which a belief is reliably formed but not accompanied by any experiences that would qualify as evidence. An indirect realist would say that, when you see and thus know that there is a tomato on the table, what you really see is not the tomato itself but a tomato-like sense-datum or some such entity.
Unless something very strange is going on, B is an example of a justified belief. For instance, I might ask: Or is it, as externalists would suggest, the reliability of the cognitive process by which we come to recognize the truth of such a proposition.
Here are several examples: What makes a belief such as "All bachelors are unmarried" justified solely on the basis of reason. This objection could be avoided by stripping coherentism of its doxastic element. How is the closure principle related to the skeptical argument.
It can come in the form of introspective and memorial evidence that gives a subject justification for beliefs about either reliability or explanatory coherence.
Among rural participants, 69 percent of the treatment-group students agree with this statement compared to 62 percent of the control group. This objection derives its force from the fact that fiction can be perfectly coherent. As we saw in the previous section, there are two different ways of conceiving of basicality.
If H receives its justification in part because you also believe 33 itself must be justified. An explanatory coherentist would say that, compared with these, the hat's actual blueness is a superior explanation. An explanatory coherentist might say that, for you to be justified in believing Hit's not necessary that you actually believe 1 and 2.
So if reliability coherentism is going to work, it would have to be legitimate to use a faculty for the very purpose of establishing the reliability of that faculty itself.
Like explanatory coherentism, this view faces a circularity problem. We can rely on the Bible alone and therefore believe all the accounts about Abraham, Moses, the bloody conquest of the Canaanites, King David and the occasional worship by the Israelites of heathen gods.
So what, according to the compromise position as we have described it, justifies H is the conjunction of E and M. But is that really so.
Let us refer to this latter kind of experience as perceptual seemings. Thus we arrive at a tripartite analysis of knowledge as JTB: Or is it the purely intellectual experience of "seeing" with they "eye of reason" or "intuiting" that this proposition is true or necessarily true.
False propositions cannot be known.
Philosophy Final Study Guide. STUDY. PLAY. The branch of philosophy that deals with questions concerning the nature and source of knowledge is called.
epistemology. Philosophers have tradition defined _____ as a true, justified truth, knowledge. The term “epistemology” comes from the Greek "episteme," meaning "knowledge," and "logos," meaning, roughly, "study, or science, of." "Logos" is the root of all terms ending in "-ology" – such as psychology, anthropology –.
Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief. As the study of knowledge, epistemology is concerned with the following questions: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of. Website overview: Since the Study Guides and Strategies Website has been researched, authored, maintained and supported as an international, learner-centric, educational public service.
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