Pediatric sickle cell anemia case study

Multivariable models created in two steps were included. Survival and morbidity have been unpredictable, largely due to problems with disease recognition and availability of medical care.

Both beta and sickle anomalies are on the beta globin gene. The presence of hemoglobin S within the red blood cells causes an unnatural stiff folding, or sickling of the red blood cell, especially under conditions of oxidative stress.

You are consulted as the hematologist on call along with stroke team. Acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease: Consultation with pulmonary, infectious disease and intensive care specialists is a necessary part of management. However, at that point, end organ tissue damage has occurred, further increasing the morbidity of transplantation.

This scheme quickly exposes some of the most common causes of anemia; for instance, a microcytic anemia is often the result of iron deficiency. The objective of transfusion in these situations is life-saving, since progressive worsening of clinical status is associated with high mortality.

Another challenge that came up was the lack of staff for the project, since some of the trained personnel for the project had to discontinue work in the north.

The approach used was community based health education.

Cases by Disease / Problem

The size is reflected in the mean corpuscular volume MCV. Test your knowledge by reading the background information below and making the proper selections. The lower limit of detection of hemoglobin S in a sickle solubility test is approximately 15 to 20 percent.

The URI symptoms consist of a stuffy nose, no rhinorrhea, and a dry cough, which has not interrupted her sleep. L-glutamine use was supported by the FDA starting at the age of 5 as it decreases complications.

It has been shown that a proactive approach to sickle cell disease decreases morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of any sickling disorder, however, requires two laboratory investigations, one of which must be the sickle solubility test.

Sickle cell disease can be easily detected on hemoglobin electrophoresis. Moreover, 22 percent of SCD patients have evidence of silent cerebral infarcts. Hemoglobin SC disease is typically associated with milder and less frequent vaso-occlusive events compared to sickle cell anemia.

HESI Case Studies–Pediatrics-Sickle Cell Anemia (Mary)

All possibilities listed in question 1 will result in a positive sickle solubility test, provided that it is not performed under the following conditions: Acute chest syndrome in children with sickle cell disease: Avascular necrosis[ edit ] When treating avascular necrosis of the bone in people with sickle cell disease, the aim of treatment is to reduce or stop the pain and maintain joint mobility.

Since the sickle cell gene produces an abnormal beta globin chain, hemoglobin S is comprised of 2 alpha globin chains and 2 abnormal beta globin chains. Among children with SCD, roughly 10—15 percent will suffer an overt stroke.

Investigators of the multicenter study of hydroxyurea in sickle cell disease. Herrick —in These vaccinations may help prevent a crisis. One reason for the high rate of infections in children with sickle cell disease is that they are functionally asplenic.

Review Articles

Since fevers alone can increase sickling, any febrile child with sickle cell anemia should be given IV hydration to prevent further sickling, and empiric antibiotic therapy should be strongly considered after appropriate cultures are taken.

When this occurs, it is frequently fatal, since it rapidly removes enormous amounts of red blood cells from the circulation, which can lead to circulatory collapse.

Ina law was passed requiring couples planning to get married to undergo free premarital counseling. Western Journal of Medicine. Because the spleen acts as a sponge for these abnormal sickled cells, subclinical intermittent episodes of intrasplenic vaso-occlusion occur causing local splenic infarcts.

A case study: sickle cell anemia.

American Society of Hematology

Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease with severe symptoms, including pain and anemia. The disease is caused by a mutated version of the gene that helps make hemoglobin — a protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells.

Sep 04,  · Sickle cell disease (SCD) and its variants are genetic disorders resulting from the presence of a mutated form of hemoglobin, hemoglobin S (HbS) (see the image below).

The most common form of SCD found in North America is homozygous HbS disease (HbSS), an autosomal recessive disorder first described by Herrick in Pediatric Digital Library and Learning Collaboratory intended to serve as a source of continuing pediatric education, curated by Donna M.

D'Alessandro M.D.

Sickle cell disease

and Michael P. D'Alessandro M.D. PedsQL(Publications. Peer Reviewed Journal Publications. K.K.


(in press). Cognitive abilities moderate the effect of disease severity on health-related quality of life in pediatric sickle cell disease. Journal of Pediatric Psychology.

Quality of life in children with infantile hemangioma: A case control study. Health and Quality of. The 11th Annual Conference Academy for Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Conference (ASCAT) is the essential event for all health care professionals who wish to learn more about the diagnosis and management of sickle cell disease and thalassaemia.

The following case study focuses on a year-old boy from Guyana who is referred by his family physician for jaundice, normocytic anemia, and recurrent acute bone pains. Test your knowledge by reading the background information below and .

Pediatric sickle cell anemia case study
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